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Paula David, MSW, Coordinator, Holocaust Resource Project, Baycrest Centre

Aleksandrowicz, D.R. (1973). Children Of Concentration Camp Survivors. In E.J. Anthony & C. Koupernick (Eds.), The Child and his Family, Vol 2: The Impact of Disease and Death. NY: Wiley, 385-392.

Almagor, M. & Leon, G.R. (1989) Transgenerational Effects Of The Concentration Camp Experience. In P. Marcus & A. Rosenberg (Eds.) Healing their wounds: Psychotherapy with Holocaust survivors and their families. New York: Praeger.

Arindell, W.A., Perris, C., Eisemann, M., Van der Ende, J., Gazner, P., Iwawaki, S., Maj, M. & -e Zhang, J. (1994) In. C. Perris, W.A. Arindell, & M. Eisemann (Eds.) Parenting and Psychopathology. New York: Wiley.

Ahronheim, J., & Weber, D. (1992). Final Passages. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Alllodi, F.A. (1994). Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Hostages and Victims of Torture. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, 17 (2), 279-288Betts

Adams, Kathryn et al. (1994). Holocaust Survivors in a Jewish Nursing Home: Building Trust and Enhancing Control. Clinical Gerontologist 14 (3), 99-117

Appelberg, E. (1972). Holocaust Survivors And Their Children. In N. Linzer (Ed.), The Jewish Family. NY: Federation of Jewish Philanthropy, 109-122.

Baranowsky, A.B., Young, M., Johnson-Douglas, S., Williams-Keeler, L., & McCarrey, M. (1998) PTSD Transmission: A Review Of Secondary Traumatization In Holocaust Survivor Families. Canadian Psychology, 39(4), 247-256.

Barocas, H. A., & Barocas, C. B. (1973). Manifestations Of Concentration Camp Effects On The Second Generation. American Journal of Psychiatry,130(7), 820- 821.

Bar-On, D. (1995a). Fear and Hope: Three Generations of the Holocaust. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Bar-On, D. (1995b). Personal And Historical Catastrophe: Four Encounters Between Descendants Of Survivors And Descendants Of Persecutors Of The Holocaust: Building Social Bonds Out Of Silence. Psychiatry, 58, 225-245.

Bar-On, D. (1996a). Attempting To Overcome The Intergenerational Transmission Of Trauma: Dialogue Between Descendants Of Victims And Of Perpetrators. In R.J. Apfel & B. Simon (Eds.), Minefields in Their Hearts: The Mental Health of Children in War and Communal Violence. New Haven: Yale University Press, 165-188.

Bar-On, D. (1996b). Studying the Transgenerational after-effects of the Holocaust in Israel. Jnl Personal and Interpersonal Loss, 1, 215-247.

Bar-On, D., Eland, J., Kleber, R.J., Krell, R., Moore, Y., Sagi, A., Soriano, E., Suedenfeld, P., van der Velden, P.G. & van Ijzendoorn, M.H. (1998). Multigenerational Perspectives On Coping With The Holocaust Experience: An Attachment Perspective For Understanding The Developmental Sequelae Of Trauma Across Generations. Intl Jnl Behav Developmt, 22(2), 315-338.

Berger, L. The Long-Term Psychological Consequences of the Holocaust on the Survivors and Their Offspring.

Betts Adams, Kathryn et al. (1994). Holocaust Survivors in a Jewish Nursing Home: Building Trust and Enhancing Control. In Clinical Gerontologist 14 (3), 99-117.

Boszormenyi-Nagy, I. & Spark, G.M. (1973) Invisible loyalties. New York: Harper & Row. Bergmann, M., & Jacovy, M. E. (Eds.). (1982). Generations of the Holocaust. New York: Basic Books.

Blumenthal, N. (1981). Factors Contributing To Varying Levels Of Adjustment Among Children Of Holocaust Survivors. Dissertation Abstracts International, 42, 1596B.

Brom, Danny; Cohen, Motti; Dasberg, Haim. Child Survivors of the Holocaust: Traits and Coping After 52 Years, January 2001, Israel Journal of Psychiatry

Callanan, M., & Kelley, P. (1997). Final Gifts. U.S.A.: Simon and Schuster. Cath, S.H. (1981). The Aging Survivor Of The Holocaust - Discussion: The Effects Of The Holocaust On Life-Cycle Experiences: The Creation And Recreation Of Families. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14, 155-163.

Charny, I. Encyclopedia of Genocide. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, Inc., 1999.

Cohen, B.B. (1991). Holocaust Survivors and the Crisis of Aging. Families in Society: The Society: The Journal of Contemporary Human Services. 226-232.

Cohen, J. (1977). The Impact of Death and Dying on Concentration Camp Survivors. Advances in Thanatology, 4, 27-35.

Cohen, Betty Brodsky. (1991) Holocaust Survivors and the Crisis of Aging. In Families in Society, 70 (1), 226-232.

Danieli, Y. (1981). The aging Survivor of the Holocaust, Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol. 14 #2, 191-210.

Danieli, Y. (1981). As Survivors Age: An Overview. The Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 14, 23.

Danieli, Y. (1988). Treating Survivors and Children of Survivors of the Nazi Holocaust

Danieli, Y. (1982). Therapists' Difficulties In Treating Survivors Of The Nazi Holocaust And Their Children. PhD. dissertation. NY: NYU. [Dissertation Abstracts Intl, #949-904].

Danieli, Y. (1984). Psychotherapists' Participation In The Conspiracy Of Silence About The Holocaust. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 1, 23-42.

David, P., Meeting the Needs of the Aging Holocaust Survivor, Mature Medicine, Canada, Vol. 1 No. 6, 1998

David, P., Aging survivors of the Holocaust: Unique Needs, Responses and Long-Term Group Work Approaches, Journal of Social Work in Long Term Care, Vol 1 (3), 2002, The Haworth Press Inc., N.Y.

David, P., Bourret, E., Goldhar J., Sanders, A., Vandelman, A., Dickinson, P., The Holocaust Project: The Therapeutic Use of a Museum, Long Term Care Journal, Vol 8, No.3 1998.

Dawidowicz, L. (1975) The War Against the Jews. 1933 - 1945. New York. Bantam Books, Inc.

Epstein, H. (1979). Children Of The Holocaust: Conversations With Sons And Daughters Of Survivors. New York: G. P. Putnam's.

Fogelman, E. & Savran, B. (1980). Brief Group Therapy with Offspring of Holocaust Survivors. In American Orthopsychiatry50(1)

Felsen, I. & Erlich, S. (1990) Identification Patterns Of Offspring Of Holocaust Survivors With Their Parents. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 60, 506-520.

Felsen, I.V. (1998). Transgenerational transmission of effects of the Holocaust: The North American research perspective. In Y. Danieli (Ed.), International Handbook of Multigenerational Legacies of Trauma. NY: Plenum, 43-68 (ch. 2).

Freyberg, J.T. (1980) Difficulties In Separation-Individuation As Experienced By Offspring Of Nazi Holocaust Survivors. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 50(1), 87-95.

Gay, M. & Shulman, S. (1978) Comparison Of Children Of Holocaust Survivors With Children Of The General Population In Israel. Mental Health & Society, 5, 252-256.

Gay, M., Fuchs, J. & Blittner, M. (1974) Characteristics of the offspring of Holocaust survivors in Israel. Mental Health & Society, 1, 302-312. Gilbert, M. (1993) Routledge Atlas Of The Holocaust - 3rd Edn.

Gilbert, M. (1994) The Holocaust. New York: Anti Defamation League.

Giberovitch (1988) The Contributions of Montreal Holocaust Survivor organizations to Jewish communal life. Masters Thesis. McGill University

Goodman, R. (1999). Memory, Family Stories and Intergenerational Communication. Presented at 'The Presence of the Absence: International Holocaust Conference for Eyewitnesses and Descendants of "both sides"'. September 1-3, 1999. Vienna, Austria.

Gross, S. (1988) The Relationship Of Severity Of The Holocaust Condition To Survivors' Child-Rearing Abilities And Their Offspring's Mental Health. Journal of the California Graduate School of Marital and Family Therapy, 15, 211-222.

Grusec, J.E. & Goodnow, J.J. (1994) Impact Of Parental Discipline Methods On Child's Internalization Of Values: A Reconceptualization Of Current Points Of View. Developmental Psychology, 30, 4-19.

Halik, V., Rosenthal, D.A. & Pattison, P.E. (1990) Intergenerational effects of the Holocaust: Patterns of Engagement in the Mother-Daughter Relationship. Family Process, 29, 325-339.

Hass, A. (1991). In The Shadow of the Holocaust: The Second Generation. Ithaca: Cornel University press.

Health Canada. (1999). Division of Aging and Seniors. Communicating with Seniors/ Advice, Techniques and Tips, 7-9.

Hemmendinger, J., Krell, R., The Children of Buchenwald; Child Survivors and their Postwar Lives, Gefen Books, 2000

Joffe, H., Joffe, C. and Brodaty, H. (1996). Ageing Jewish Holocaust Survivors: anxieties in dealing with health professionals. MJA, 165: 517-520.

Joffe, C. (1999) The Twilight Years: A Comparative Investigation into the Psychosocial well-being of Aged Jewish Holocaust Survivors, Refugees and Australian/English born Elders, Living in Sydney, Australia. Ph.D. thesis. University of New South Wales.

Kahana, R.J. (1981). The Aging Survivor of the Holocaust - Discussion: Reconciliation between the generations: A last chance. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 14, 225-239.

Kahana, B., Harel, Z., Kahana, E. (1989). Clinical and Gerontological Issues facing Survivors of the Nazi Holocaust. Marcus et al (Eds). Healing Their Wounds: Psychotherapy with Holocaust Survivors and their Families, New York.

Kaufman, Sharon R. (1986) The Ageless Self: Sources of Meaning in Late Life. New York: Meridian.

Keinan, G., Mikulincer, M. & Rybnicki, A. (1988) Perception of self and parents by second-generation Holocaust survivors. Behavioral Medicine, 14, 6-12.

Kellermann, N.P.F. (1997) Bibliography: Children Of Holocaust Survivors. AMCHA, the National Israeli Center for Psychosocial Support of Holocaust Survivors and the Second Generation, Jerusalem.

Kahana, B., Harel, Z., Kahana, E. (1989). Clinical and Gerontological Issues facing Survivors of the Nazi Holocaust. Marcus et al (Eds). Healing Their Wounds: Psychotherapy with Holocaust Survivors and their Families, New York, 197-211.

Kestenberg, J.S. (1983). History's Role in the Psychoanalyses of Survivors and Their Children. The American Journal of Social Psychiatry, 3, (1),

Kinsler, F. (1978). The Holocaust Survivor-Treatment Considerations. Prepared for presentation at the 9th Annual Conference, Society for clinical social work, San Francisco, CA.

Krell, R. (1990). Holocaust Survivors: A clinical perspective. Psychiatric Journal

Krell, R. (1985) Editor, Special Section. Child Survivors of the Holocaust: 40 Years Later. J Amer Acad Child Psychiat 24(4): 378-412.

Klein-Parker, F. (1988). Dominant Attitudes of Adult Children of Holocaust Survivors Towards Their Parents. In Wilson et al (Eds.) Human Adaptation to Extreme Stress: From Holocaust to Vietnam, New York.

Krell, R. (1997). Confronting Despair: The Holocaust Survivor's struggle with ordinary life and ordinary death. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 157, (6), 741-744.

Krell, R., Eitinger, L., Psychological and Medical Effects of Concentration Camps and Related Persecutions on Survivors of the Holocaust, University of British Columbia, 1985

Krystal, H. (1981). The Aging Survivor of the Holocaust - Integration and self-healing in post-traumatic states. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14, 165-187.

Kubler-Ross, E. (1975). Death: The Final Stage of Growth. New Jersey: Prentice- Hall, Inc.

Lemberger, J.,ed. A Global Perspective on Working with Holocaust survivors and the Second Generation, published jointly by AMCHA, the Brookdale Institute and the JDC, in Jerusalem. 1995

Leon, G. R., et al. (1981). Survivors of the Holocaust and their children: Current status and adjustment. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 41(3), 503-516.

Lessing, C. (1999) Vanished Cultural Heritage of Holocaust Survivors. Paper presented at A Time to Heal: Caring for the Aging Holocaust Survivor. A multidisciplinary Conference held at Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, May 1999.

Leventhal, G. & Ontell, M.K. (1989) A Descriptive Demographic And Personality Study Of Second-Generation Jewish Holocaust Survivors. Psychological Reports, 64, 1067-1073.

Levin, N. (1968). The Holocaust: The Destruction of European Jewry, New York: Schocken Books.

Lichtman, H. (1984) Parental Communication Of Holocaust Experiences And Personality Characteristics Among Second Generation Survivors. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40(4), 914-924.

Lomranz, Jacob. (1990). Long-Term Adaptation to Traumatic Stress in Light of Adult Development and Aging Perspectives. In Stephens-Mary-Ann-Parris (Ed); Stress and Coping in Later-life families. Hemisphere Publications, New York

Marcus, P. & Rosenberg, A. (1989) Treatment Issues With Survivors And Their Offspring: An Interview With Anna Ornstein. In: P. Marcus & A. Rosenberg (Eds.), Healing their wounds: Psychotherapy with Holocaust survivors and their families. New York: Praeger, 105-116.

Meadow, D. A. (1982). The Preparatory Interview: A Client-Focused Approach With Children Of Holocaust Survivors. Social Work with Groups, 4(3/4), 135-144.

Meed, R. G. (1983, May). The Search For Kinship Groups For The Second Generation. Paper presented at the American Gathering of Jewish Holocaust Survivors, Washington

Merowitz, M. (1981). The Aging Survivor of the Holocaust - Words before we go: The experience of Holocaust and its effect on communication in the aging survivor. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14, 241-244.

Metzger Brown, E. (1998) The transmission of trauma through caretaking patterns of behavior in Holocaust families: Re-enactment in a facilitated long-term second-generation group. Smith College Studies in Social Work, 68(3), 267-285.

Moskovitz, S. (1983) Love Despite Hate: Child Survivors of the Holocaust and Their Adult Lives. New York: Schocken Publishers.

Niederland, W. C. (1964). Psychiatric Disorders Among Persecution Victims: A Contribution To The Understanding Of Concentration Camp Pathology And Its After-Effects. Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases, 1964, 139, 458-474.

Newman, L. (1979). Emotional Disturbance in Children of Holocaust Survivors. Social Casework: The Journal of Contemporary Social Work. 43-50.

Palmore, E. (1988) The Facts on Aging Quiz, Second Edition. New York: Springer Publishing Company, Inc.

Pearlman, L.A., & Saakvitne, K.W. (1995). Treating Therapists with Vicarious Traumatization & Secondary Traumatic Stress Disorder. In C.R. Figley (Ed.) Compassion Fatigue (150-175). New York: Brunner/Mazel.

Rakoff, V., Sigal, J. J., & Epstein, N. B. (1966). Children And Families Of Concentration Camp Survivors. Canada's Mental Health, 14, 24-26.

Reese, D. (1998). Through Their Eyes," Contemporary Long Term Care, December, 44-52.

Rosenbloom, M. (1983). Implication of the Holocaust for Social Work. Social Casework, 64 (4), 205-213.

Rosenbloom, M. (1985). The Holocaust Survivor in Late Life. Gerontological Social Work Practice in the Community, 181-190.

Rustin, S. (1971). Guilt, Hostility And Jewish Identification Amongst Adolescent Children Of Concentration Camp Survivors. Comprehensive Dissertation Index, 1861-1972 (University Microfilms No. 71-24810).

Safford, Florence. (1995). Aging Stressors for Holocaust Survivors and their Families. In The Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 24 (1-2) 131-153.

Schiff, G. (1984, November). Post-Liberation Experiences of Survivors of the Holocaust. Paper presented at the Group Skills with Survivors and Their Children Training Program, Training Institute for Mental Health Practitioners, New York.

Schindler, R., Spiegel, C., Malachi, E., (1992) Silences: Helping Elderly Holocaust Victims Deal with the Past, International Journal of Aging and Human Development, Vol 35(4) pp.243-252,

Segall, G. (1994, January). Memories of Horror Resurface: Holocaust returns for aging patients. The Plain Dealer Metro and State, pp. B1, B4.

Sigal, J.J. (1999). Posttraumatic stress disorder in children of Holocaust survivors. Amer Jnl Psychiatry, 156(8), 1295.

Solkoff, N. (1981). Children Of Survivors Of The Nazi Holocaust: A Critical Review Of The Literature. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 51(1), 29-42.

Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation. (1999) Survivors: Testimonies of the Holocaust CD

Tauber, Y., In the Other Chair: Holocaust Survivors and the Second Generation as Therapists and Clients, Gefen Publishing, Jerusalem, 1998

Tomb, D.A. (1994). The Phenomenology Of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, 17, (2), 237-250.

Troyer, A. K. (2002, Winter). Preventing and minimizing memory decline in healthy aging. California Speech-Language-Hearing Association Magazine, 8-9.

Venaki, S.K., Nadler, A., Gershoni, H., (June 1998) Sharing the Holocaust Experience: Communication Behaviours and their Consequences on Families of Ex-Partisans and Ex-Prisoners of Concentration Camps, Family Process, V.24, pp.273-280

Wardi, D.W. (1994). Bonding and Separateness, Two Major Factors in the Relations Between Holocaust Survivors and Their Children. Clinical Gerontologist, 14, (3), 119-131.

Weiss, S., & Durst, N. (1994). Treatment Of Elderly Holocaust Survivors: How Do Therapists Cope? Clinical Gerontologist, 14, (3), 81-98.

Williams, P.A. (1997). Once Upon a Lifetime. Canada: Nisku Printers Ltd.

Wong, J. (2002). The Return of the Auschwitz nightmare. The Globe and Mail, September 21, 2002, A1.

Zlotogorski, Z. (1982). Offspring of concentration camp survivors: The relationship of perceptions of family cohesion and adaptability to levels of ego functioning. Dissertation Abstracts International, 42, 3452B.